Understanding The Background Of Eye Cancer
Eye cancer is uncommon in our society. Mostly the outer part of the eye is affected , which is called the eye lid. That’s made by of muscles, and nerves. Intraocular cancer called that cancer who starts inside the eyeball.Melanoma and lymphoma the most common cancer starts in adult age.
Eye cancer also affects patient vision. The five-year survival rate for people with eye cancer is 80%. When melanoma does not spread outside the eye, the survival rate is also about 80%.
If the melanoma spread the other parts of the body, the survival rate is about 15%. The melanoma iris is rare and does not spread usually. If the patient is aware that the eye test can detect cancers of the eye such as melanomas.
Maybe the same patients don’t know they can also catch the sign of brain tumours. Some symbols of eye cancer are vision change or look blurry or suddenly can’t see. A patient of eye cancer can see spots and also swelling, or redness may appear on eyes.
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EYE CANCER CAUSES
- Age and gender, melanoma is the primary reason of diagnosed with eyes, over the age of 50.
- Race melanoma of the eye is more common in white peoples than black peoples.
- Use of sunbeds
- Certain inherited skin disorders
- Exposure to ultraviolet light
People with blue eyes or green eyes have a high risk of melanoma of the eye.
The syndrome is a rare inherited condition in which a patient has a risk for eye melanoma.
Some peoples with cancer have:
DNA changes they inherited from a parent that increase their risk for the disease. The blood in the retinal circulation is far less than in the choroid and place virtually no role. That’s why the red-eye effect produced and cause eye cancer. Melanoma is the cause of disease which is mostly found in adults.Melanoma is rare in the single eye.
Major causes of Eye Caner
This type of cancer may cause swelling of eye, its known as the also pink eye. This type is found in the cold season and is often caused by viruses.Bacteria, allergens, and other some other similar irritants.
- EYE INJURIES.
Swollen eyes are also a result of eye-related injuries. When a trauma on the eyes occur, our eyes compresses and retracts, leading to the formation of excessive blood underneath the damaged areas. This often causes skin discoloration and swelling.
One of the leading causes of puffy or swollen eyes is eye allergies. Some of the most common eye allergies are a result of pollen, dust, contact lenses and eye drops. The good news is, eye allergies are more comfortable to treat.
- CONTACT LENSES.
Swollen eyelids are a result of improper caring for contact lenses. When we wear contact lenses while swimming or dirty ear lenses in general, all these can result in eyelids to swell. In addition to the mentioned causes, several other causes such as eye cancer. Thyroid eye disease, orbital cellulitis, and style can also contribute to swelling and puffiness of the eyes.
EYE CANCER PICTURES
The most common symptom is the painless loss of vision.
Eye melanoma is cancer that can affect the eyes. Cancer can also sometimes develop in the tissues surrounding your eyeball and can spread the other parts of the body, such as lungs and breast. Overexposure to sunlight this increase the risk of skin cancer, and may also affect the eyes. Eye melanoma mostly affects white people and is more common in those with fair skin. Chemotherapy is a rarely used for eye melanoma.
EYE CANCER TREATMENT
The treatments are:
- Radiation therapy
- Laser therapy
- Targeted therapy
The Treatment for recurrent eye melanoma. An ophthalmologist typically performs eye surgery. The operation to the eye is quite common in the treatment of intraocular melanoma. During the process, the affected parts are removed depending on the size and spread of a tumour. At high energy, protons can destroy cancer cells. Using radiation therapy to treat a cyst may result in some vision loss or other complications. Treatment of medium choroid melanoma includes.
Plaque radiation therapy with or without photo coagulation.
- Iridectomy: Removal of part of the iris
- Removal of part of a ciliary body.
- Enucleation: Removal of the eye.
- The treatment of eye depend on:
- The type of eye cancer the patient has:
- The size of cancer and how far it has grown
- General health and level of fitness
EYE CANCER SYMPTOMS
- Flash or light
- Wiggly lines in vision
- A lump on patient eyelid
- Blurred vision
- Pain around the patient eye
- A dark patch around eye
- Partial or total loss of vision
- Spots around eyes
- Floating objects:
- Changing in the appearance of eye
- Eye irritation
- Red eye
Sometimes people with eye cancer do not show any of the symptoms. Choroidal and ciliary body melanoma can sometimes seen because it looks like dark spots on the eye.
Symptoms of eye cancer can vary from person to person based on the type of cancer involved. In adults,
- loss of peripheral vision
- Red painful eye
Rrtinoblastoma a childhood cancer of the eye can do more than blind the patient. This type of cancer is rare.
Changing in the iris color is also a symptom of eye cancer. Due to his type of cancer, the shape of the pupil is changed, and the peripheral vision may also be lost.
TYPES OF EYE CANCER
Hemangioma is a benign tumour of the choroid and retina that starts in the blood vessels.
Intraocular lymphoma is lymphoma that begins in the eyeball.
Retinoblastoma is a rare form of childhood eye cancer. The type of eye cancer the patient has depends on the kind of cell cancer started in.
Sometimes the disease can spread to the eye from another part of the body. This is called secondary eye cancer. Eye cancers are called ocular tumours.
Ocular is the medical name of the eye. Eye cancer is sporadic. Eye cancer is mostly found in the UK. Cancers affecting the inside of the eye are intraocular, the diseases affecting the outside of the eye are extraocular.
Eye cancers can be a primary and metastatic disease.
The two most common cancers that spread to the eye from another organ are breast cancer and lung cancer.
The most common eyelid tumour is basal cell carcinoma. This tumor can grow around the eye but rarely spread to the body. Other types of eye cancers include:
- Squamous carcinoma
- Sebaceous carcinoma
EYE CANCER PROGNOSIS
Prospect of recovery as anticipated from the usual course of a disease is called prognosis. The synonym used for prediction is cast, forecasting also. Survival rates for eye melanoma are about 80%, in five years.
The most common choroidal nevus is unusual and can only be seen by an eye care specialist. A choroidal nevus rarely requires treatment. Small nevi is removed by simple surgical excision. Removal of a large congenital nevus, however, involves replacement of the affected skin.
If the eye cancer comes back in eyeball the patient’s eyeball most likely have surgery to remove the eye.
- Watchful waiting
- Plaque radiation therapy
- Gamma knife therapy
Tumours and inflammation can occur behind the eye. They often push the eye forward causing a bulging of the eye called proptosis.
EYE CANCER IN CHILDREN
Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer that affects young children mainly under the age of six. It develops in the cells of the retina, the light-sensitive lining of the eye. These cases are diagnosed in the UK every year approximately one child a week. It can affect one or both eyes.
Kids who carry the genetic mutation usually get more than one tumour. And are likely to develop the disease in both eyes. It also commonly occurs at a younger age than kids without the mutation. This is called hereditary retinoblastoma.
- White or red pupil instead of the normal black.
- Enlarged pupil
- Different colored irises:
- Poor vision
- Tests for diagnose eye cancer:
- Eye examination
- Fine needle
- Tests for metastases and risk of metastases
- Computed tomography
HOW TO PREVENT EYE CANCER
Wrap around sunglasses with 99%.To 100% UVA and UVB absorption provide the best protection for the eyes and the surrounding skin. This might help reduce the risk of developing cancer of the skin around the eyes.
Patients who receive treatment of eye cancer will typically attend follow-up examinations every three months. Specific tests such as MRI performed to ensure that . Cancer has not reappeared or spread to other areas of the body. Children with retinoblastoma may be at risk for developing other cancers including brain tumours.
They may require regular MRIs or other tests to monitor for a new appearance of the disease. Eye cancer patients may also face a loss of vision or vision impairment and cosmetic problems associated with their treatment.People may be able to reduce their risk by limiting their exposure to direct sunlight.
- The green therapy
- Proteolytic enzyme therapy
- The bud wig protocol
- Vitamin c chelation
- Probiotic foods and supplements
- Frankincense essential oil therapy
- Oxygen therapy
- Sunshine and vitamin D3