Plasma Donation process from initial study method, Plasma is a clear part of the blood which is left after the blood cells; red, white and platelets are removed from the blood. It forms 55% of the blood containing water, enzymes, salts, antibodies and proteins. Plasma is a vital part of body and has many functions,
- As it is composed of 90% water, therefore, its primary role is to transport vital substances throughout the body.
- Plasma aids in clotting of blood.It is useful in diseases like hemophilia.
- Plasma helps in maintaining blood pressure and controlling the body temperature.
- The minerals, protein, hormones and salts present in the plasma have a vital role in the human body.
Plasma donation is imperative as it helps in saving the life of many people. It is used in the treatment of bleeding disorders, immune deficiencies, shock, pulmonary disorders, liver cirrhosis, neurological disorders, infections, etc. When plasma is donated to a patient, the blood of the patient achieves the threshold of fluidity due to which the blood can transport vital nutrients to each organ of the body resulting in better functioning of the body.
There are many frequently asked questions related to Plasma donation that we can discuss below,
|1.||How is the Plasma donated?||Plasma is donated in the same way blood is given. Venous blood is extracted, and through a process called plasmapheresis, the plasma is separated. It may take an hour for the process to complete and the resulted blood is divided into blood cells and plasma.This is also known as recovered plasma.|
|2.||Who can donate plasma?||To donate plasma, the donor should be at least 18 years of age having weight at least 50Kg.
The candidate must remove two medical examinations to qualify for a plasma donor. One is medical history screening, and the other is a test for the presence of transmissible viruses.
It is important to meet the criteria as mentioned earlier’s to become a plasma donor.
|3.||Is it dangerous to donate plasma?||There is a danger of dehydration. Also, it may cause vein damage if a recurring donation is made.This can be prevented by drinking lots of water, juice, and milk a day before and on the day after giving a gift.|
|4.||How long does it take to donate plasma?||The first donation can take up to 2 hours. The return visit within the same week will take 90 min.|
|5.||How many times can a plasma be donated?||The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)of United States allows two donations within seven days having a gap of at least two days in between.|
|6.||How much will I earn through plasma donation?||Payment depends on the need of the donor. But on a routine basis, you get $20-$50 per donation. Pay also depends upon the volume of plasma donated.|
|7.||How to speed up the process of plasma donation?||You can speed up the plasma donation up to 45-90 min for the whole procedure by drinking lots of water as plasma is made up of 90% water.|
|8.||How much water should be drunk before plasma donation?||Drink lots of water, at least 6-8 glasses.Start drinking one day before donation.|
|9.||What to eat before plasma donation?||Eat healthy foods before donation. Food rich in iron, protein and complex carbohydrates is good for health.Avoid fried, fatty foods.|
|10.||Is the blood plasma universal?||Only the plasma of blood type AB is universal.Univeral means that the plasma of a person having blood group AB can be donated to anyone regardless of their blood group type.|
|11.||After how much time can the blood plasma be replenished?||The blood plasma takes 48 hours to recharge.On the other hand, the red blood cells if donated take about 4-8 weeks to replace.|
|12.||Can diabetic patients donate plasma?||It is not advised as plasma donation can put pressure on the blood vessels causing them to become numb.Blindness can also result. However, people with controlled diabetes that is not insulin dependent can donate plasma, but it is not preferable.|
|13.||Is all the plasma donated by everyone the same?||No, it is not the same.Different plasmas have different number and types of antibodies.|
|14.||Are Plasma donor centers regulated?||Yes, they are.They have a license, and they are governed by FDA.After every two years, they are certified after satisfactory inspection.|
Plasma donation is a noble cause as it is used in many life-threatening conditions.Receiving blood plasma may be substantial for someone to save his/her life and the best part is that donating plasma is very easy.If doctor’s instructions are followed correctly, a person can donate plasma and re-donate it to save the life of someone.So, it is highly encouraged that we should, if not routinely then at least once in a lifetime, donate plasma.A little effort can save someone’s life. That is why it is also known as “gift of life.”