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Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2019


Breast Cancer Awareness Month

Breast Cancer Awareness Month, every year the month of October is designated specifically to highlight the different aspects of breast cancer and thus is named “Breast Cancer Awareness Month.” During this month different breast cancer supporting organizations carry out various activities to raise awareness on the etiology, prevention, and treatment of breast cancer. These campaigns not only helped in raising awareness about breast cancer in society but also assisted in the acceptance of the disease and to raise funds for its research and treatment.

Associated terms

1 Symbol of Breast Cancer Awareness Pink Ribbon
2 Origin of Breast Cancer Awareness Month In 1985 by

·         American Cancer Society and

·         AstraZeneca (Pharmaceutical Company)

3 Pinktober This term is used for October because there is an increase in the manufacturing of goods that are pink in color.


4 Pink day “Pink day” is a day arranged by most private companies when all the employees wear pink clothes showing solidarity and support with the cancer patients.


5 Global Pink Hijab Day 26th October, demonstrate inclusion of Muslim women in the campaign and also showing support for Muslim women who have cancer.
6 Male Breast Cancer Awareness Week The third week of October raising awareness and showing support for male breast cancer.
7 She-ro Just like Hero, Shero is term introduced to demonstrate the strength of a woman fighting cancer.

What is Breast Cancer Awareness Month?

Breast cancer refers to the situation in which the breast cells start proliferating at an open rate. It often starts from the inner epithelium of the milk ducts known as ductal carcinoma and may also start from lobules called the lobular carcinoma. If the cells proliferate and metastasize to other organs, it becomes malignant. Breast cancer can form in mammary glands of both female and male. Its successful treatment is possible if diagnosed earlier.

Essential Details

1 Signs & Symptoms of breast cancer ·         Lump/lumps  in breast

·         Lump in armpits

·         Pitting on breast skin resembling orange peel

·         Redness on Breast skin

·         Redness on or around the nipple

·         Bloody discharge from nipple

·         Breast shape or size might change

·         Flaky nipple or breast skin


2 Etiology Doctors are not sure of the exact etiology of  breast cancer, but the risk factors that have effect are below,

·         Old age: Increasing age is a risk factor.

80% of breast cancers were present in females having menopause meaning women who were above the age of 50 years.

·         Recurrence: The chances of recurrence of disease is more as compared to people with no history of breast cancer.

·         Genetics:

The Greater number of breast cancers are not hereditary.

BRCA1, BRCA2, and TP53 are genes that increase the risk of breast cancer.

·         Increased Exposure to Estrogen: Early onset of menstruation and late menopause causes increased exposure to estrogen as compared to other women thus causing a rise in the chances of breast cancer.

·         Obesity: Obesity increases the chance of breast cancer.

·         Alcohol: Consuming a large amount of alcohol is linked to breast cancer so its use must be limited.


3 Diagnostic Tests ·         Self-examination

·         Clinical examination

·         Mammogram

·         Ultrasound

·         Biopsy

·         MRI

4 Treatment Options ·         Radiotherapy

·         Chemotherapy

·         Hormone therapy

·         Biological therapy

·         Surgery

5 Prevention ·    Decrease Alcohol Consumption

·         Healthy weight

·         Stay Physically Active

·         Breastfeed your baby

·         Maintain a healthy diet

Breast Cancer Awareness Month

Breast Cancer Awareness Month

1 255,180 new cases of metastatic breast cancer  are expected in 2017



2 63,410  new cases of carcinoma in situ breast cancer are expected in 2017


3 40,610 deaths of women from breast cancer are expected in 2017


4 Occurrence of breast cancer in women under the age of 40 is less than 5%


5 2,030 new cases of breast cancer in men is expected in 2017


6 450 deaths of breast cancer in men is planned for 2017


7 Every year 124 women in every 100,000 are found to be suffering from breast cancer


8 Breast cancer occurs in 1 out of every 3000 pregnancies


Breast Cancer Awareness Month Various forms of media have also played a vital role in this campaign.


Online Pregnancy Test (Are You Pregnant)


Online Pregnancy Test

Easy Online Test Instructions are designed for accurate reading and easy test understanding – with huge pictures to assist in evaluating results. Online Pregnancy Test notices the existence of the hCG hormone in a female’s urine. These online pregnancy tests are sensitive to 20 mIU/mL hCG and are efficient enough to detect pregnancy. This test since hCG in urine for the early discovery of gestation. Higher levels of hCG as little as 20 mIU/ml can be observed in 3 or 5 minutes. Probably Normal standards of Urine hCG levels are assessed to be 10-30 mIU/ml hCG at 7 or 10 days after ovulation

Online Pregnancy Test Details

  1. Open the pouch by ripping along the neck. Remove the kit from the bag.
  2. Hold the strip in vertical position, dip into the sample. Dip the strip into the sample in a way that the arrow endpoints to the example. Take this piece outside after around 10 seconds.
  3. Now Wait for tinted bands.

LH Ovulation Tests
This online pregnancy test, i.e., Ovulation Tests will help to estimate the time when you can get pregnant. Luteinizing hormone (LH) in increased quantities leads to ovulation. During the cycle only a minute amount of LH is released; but in the mid of this period, the occurrence LH rise.

STEP 1: denote the time of your menstrual cycle. The period of your menstrual cycle is the days from the very first day of bleeding to the day just before bleeding initiates on the next menstruation.


  1. To initiate testing, open the closed pocket by ripping along the mark. Remove the test from the pocket.
  2. Cautiously place the LH test in the vertical position into the sample for 10 seconds and put the strip on a clean, non-absorbent and dry place.
  3. Wait for colored images to show.

FSH Infertility Tests
During the follicular phase of a female’s cycle, stimulating follicle hormone or “FSH” – causes the maturation of a woman’s eggs (or ova). If a female has symptoms of infertility or reaches menopause, it may show a decrease in “ovarian reserve” which is egg supply. Low ovarian reserve is denoted by more-than-normal levels of the FSH hormone during the initial days of the female cycle.

Online Pregnancy Test Procedure open

1.the closed bag by ripping along the mark. Take out test kit from the bag.
2. grip the handle (curved end) and use the left hand to replace the cap and uncover the tip of the absorbent.
3. Point this soft tip in downward position and place this soft tip in sample stream for about 10 seconds to get totally wet. Or, you can also collect your sample into a little utensil and insert half of this absorbent pad into the sample for around 10 seconds.
4. close the device and now wait for color images to show. Depends on the levels of FSH, positive result may be noticed in as small time as 40 seconds. Although to confirm the negative results, the overall reaction time (which is10 minutes) is needed. Do not see images after 30 minutes.



How to Pass a Drug Test


How to Pass a Drug Test

Always Test Clean is helping folks actually to study about how to pass a drug test for around 15 years. There are the specialists, and they are there to guide you about how to pass your drug test. How to pass a drug test includes in this article we demonstrate you about what should be done and what should not be done while learning about how to pass a drug test.  We will also tell you about how to take benefits of each drug tests flaws and how to remain away from each drug tests powers.  This type of knowledge you need to study how to pass a drug test rapidly, reasonably and with the slightest jeopardy.

How to Pass a Drug Test

There are approaches to assist in passing a drug test that is important to be comprehended and monitored. Whether you want to pass a drug test day after tomorrow or pass this medication test in the upcoming days, you must learn the method and make the investment of time and things that will put you in the passenger’s seat for the drug test you are dealing.

How To Pass the Drug Test ones dealing

Four general drug tests denote an enormous amount of the drug tests given nowadays.  You must identify the drug test that you will be dealing with understanding or perform anything else.  With each drug test, there are plans you need to ponder.  Each of this medication tests has its single individual powers that must be escaped and unique flaws that must be taken benefit of to flourish passing this drug test.

Pass A Drug Test of Urine.

The drug test for urine is the most usual due to its ease to perform, authenticity and instant results. The most standard drug test for urine is also the simplest to blow.  Some more expensive (multiple) drug tests of urine are difficult to beat, but these are also relatively uncommon and most probably used to assure a test that is failed when argued, financial or legal effect is possible.

Pass A Drug Test For Hairs

The Drug Test for urine can senses usage of the drug in hair that was rising somewhere on the body at the period when you used the drug. For Example:  If you use 12 months before the hair developing at that interval is adulterated, it can be sensed. The drug test for hair can also describe how much and when a particular medicine was used.  However, these particular hair drug tests are uncommon.

Pass A Drug Test For Saliva.

The Drug Test for saliva can be performed at anywhere, anytime and the end results are accurate, quick and immediate. The drug test for saliva is not disturbed by the typical “techniques” and “tricks” used for beating the drug test for urine.  Because of these benefits, the drug test for saliva is the now taking the place of the urine test.  The saliva drug discovery is mostly smaller than the urine test.

Pass A Drug Test For Blood.

The Drug Test for blood is very precise, it is the used to least and has to be managed by a heath care professional.  It is now considered the gold standard for drug testing.  The drug test for blood is most often prescribed by law enforcement or insurance companies.


Deep Tissue Massage Therapy


Deep Tissue Massage 

Deep Tissue Massage is a category of massage therapy that focuses on the muscles and fascia of the deep layers of the body. It is used to treat chronic pains and stiffness of the muscles and is mostly recommended by doctors. Deep massage is done by applying firm pressure in small slow strokes to treat various chronic illnesses. Deep massage is different from having a regular massage. It is not simple massage with deep pressure, in fact, it has specific techniques applied to scar tissue and knots in the muscles. The deep massage begins by warming up the muscles by applying light pressure, and then techniques like stripping and friction are used. In stripping;  elbows, knuckles, forearms and thumbs are used in high gliding pressure along the length of the muscle, and in friction, the adhesions in the muscles are released, and tissue fibers are realigned by applying pressure across the grain of the muscles. Deep massage focuses on specific complications like chronic pain in the muscles, healing from injuries, etc. Constricted mobility, Pain in lower back, injuries such as whiplash or falls, problems due to poor posture, sciatica, fibromyalgia, tennis elbow, muscle tension, etc. are examples in which deep massage is indicated.

Merits of Deep Tissue Massage Therapy

S. No. Benefits
1 Treats chronic pains
2 Lowers the Blood Pressure
3 Reduces Stress and Anxiety
4 Disintegrates scar tissue
5 Improves performance of athletes
6 Helps with delivery and labor pains
7 Helps reducing symptoms of Arthritis

In the below-mentioned conditions, deep tissue massage is contraindicated or maybe avoided for the time being.In the case of a localized problem that area can be prevented, and therapy continued for the rest of the body where required.

1 Deep Venous Thrombosis
2 Low Blood Platelet Count in Patient
3 Person using blood thinning medication like Warfarin
4 Fractures
5 Healing wounds
6 Skin infections
7 Osteoporosis
8 Patient undergoing Chemotherapy, radiotherapy (Consult Physician before massage)
9 Pregnant women (Consult Gynecologist before massage)
10 Severe Unstable Hypertension
11 Frostbite
12 Aneurism

Side Effects

1 Bruising
2 Venous thromboembolism
3 Posterior interosseous syndrome
4 Spinal accessory neuropathy
5 Hepatic hematoma

COMPARISON BETWEEN Deep Tissue Massage & Others

Regular massage, Deep Massage, and Myofascial Release Therapy may seem the same, but there is a slight difference in the three procedures explained below,

Acts on Superficial layers of muscles Sub-layer of muscles and fascia


Acts specifically on fascia
Types of strokes used Longitudinal gliding


Small firm strokes


Twisting and traction strokes



Materials  used Various  gels, oils; lotions are used to avoid friction Lubricating materials are required No gel, oil or any other lubricating material is applied during the therapy
Pressure points No focus on particular pressure point


No focus on particular pressure point


Pressure is applied at specific points in the body


Works by Improving localized blood circulation Sympathetic reactions are suppressed by increasing blood supply.

The release of endorphins is stimulated which prevents pain signals to reach the brain.


 Circulation of blood and lymphatic system is improved causing stimulation of the myotatic reflex of the muscles



Contraindicated in ·         DVT

·         Burns

·         Fractures

·         Osteoporosis

·         Can be done in pregnancy as it gentle superficial massage

·         Deep Venous Thrombosis

·         Osteoporosis

·         Burns

·         Low platelet count

·         Pregnancy

·         DVT

·         Fractures

·         Patients having low blood platelet count

·         Burns

·         Osteoporosis

·         Pregnancy


Education Required No certification required Having certified training Having advanced certification training after becoming a massage therapist



Abortion Clinics (All Facts & Information)


Abortion Clinics

There are many angry words or terms, the use of which always make a negative impression on others.  Most of them have awful meanings, but some have a bad impression, originally they are neutral in nature, the term Abortion is one of them. The name came from the word “Abort” which means to discontinue, abortion means termination of growing fetus or discontinuation in pregnancy before the end of 28 weeks. Earlier abortion was counted as an act of crime in most countries, but later on, due to various reasons, it became part of medical treatment. With new law for legal permission of abortion and to avoid health hazards, abortion clinics were formed which is nowadays helping a lot of women to prevent any post-abortion complications.          There are mainly two types

  1. Induced Abortion
  2. Spontaneous Abortion

Induced abortion means to terminate pregnancy intentionally due to many reasons behind however spontaneous abortion means failure to continue planned pregnancy due to reasons like:

S. NO. Induced abortion Spontaneous abortion
1 Not ready to become mother (Maximum abortion cases are due to this reason)


Some medical conditions such as diabetes, cyst or tumors, etc.


2 Genetic abnormalities in the fetus


Accidents which causes a direct effect in uterus area such as RTA (Road Traffic Accident), fall, etc.


3 Health issue which has high impacts on fetus Stress or anxiety


4 Forced pregnancy such as rape victims who are nor physical nor mentally stable to accept such result




5 If the patient herself is at risk due to some medical conditions and her health cannot afford the pregnancy


6 Failure of any temporary contraceptive techniques and the couple is unable to provide such pregnancy


7 Family planning  

The most familiar term for spontaneous trauma is a miscarriage. In abortion clinics the treatment is done by a gynecologist, they are the specialist who deals with the women reproductive system. It is a specialization course of three years done after getting a medical degree. With such professionals in these clinics, the hazards and complications will be minimal. The major advantages of selecting abortion clinics are:

  • A specialist having knowledge of female reproductive system can do abortion more effectively than others in a clinic
  • No disturbance in the privacy of patients
  • There are two types of abortion one is medical abortion in which doctor provides medicine to the patient and the second one is surgical abortion in which as the name indicates surgeon removes fetus surgically
  • There are various conditions in which abortion is contraindicated, but only such facilities or specialists can identify these conditions to avoid major complications
  • Like any other medical specialty center, these centers gives proper time to patient and understand their status for such decisions
  • Such facilities provide a stress-free atmosphere and mental satisfaction which an untrained attendant will never give.

For better understanding following are some related terminologies

S. No. Terminology Meaning/Description
1 Gynecology Study of woman reproductive system
2 Obstetric Study on pregnancy and childbirth
3 Midwife Birth attendant having knowledge of gestation and childbirth
4 DNC or D&C Dilation and Curettage of uterus lining for cleaning purpose after abortion
5 Uterus Womb or sac-like organ in female reproductive system where developing of fetus take place



Colored Contacts Healthy Usage


Colored Contacts

Aesthetics is nowadays the primary concern for any individual in the society, for which they adopt different measures including the makeover, cosmetics, treatments and even surgeries so that they eliminate any discrepancy in their looks. With such interest and concern, science is also working on the large scale to innovate various tools and treatments to meet the desirable need. Along with all such innovations, the contact lens is one of the major inventions which along with the style and aesthetics gives you better vision instead of wearing eye sight glasses. Colored Contact lenses or colored contacts are however different from mere eyesight lenses. They not only make your eye-sight better but gives your eyes various colors of your desire. Now one question which came to our mind is; what is a relation of a corrective lens with medical sciences or with the doctor? Well one thing which we have to keep in our mind is that these lenses should only be tried by the prescription of an eye doctor or also known to be ophthalmologist due to various reasons:

  • Size of your eye may vary from the lens which may cause severe damage
  • Improper use may cause infection in the eye
  • Un-prescribed lens may have poor quality causing ulceration of cornea
  • As eye is the most sensitive organ without taking advice from doctor may cause decrease of eyesight
  • Without knowing precautions may result in blindness by wearing lenses

The water provides oxygen to the eyes. There is another type which is called RGP (Rigid Gas Permeable) contact lenses and are known to be better than the first category. Above all there are various medical conditions for which doctor prescribes color contact lenses, some of them along with its description is listed as follows:

S. No. Medical Condition Description
1 Iris Coloboma A congenital disorder in which the structure of pupil is abnormal in shape and incomplete iris closure causing sensitivity to light. The colored contacts help them to overcome this defect.
2 Essential Iris Atrophy A disorder which is usually unilateral and causes small holes in the iris resulting in sensitivity to light which can be covered by using these color contact lenses
3 Photophobia Condition in which patient experience severe pain in eyes and cannot bear light in the eyes
4 Migraines is a term used for specific headache usually at one side of the head. There are various types of migraines in which one is light induced migraine which triggers by seeing fluorescent light.
5 Retinal Dystrophies Retina is the light sensitive part of the eye made up of many photoreceptor cells. Retinal dystrophy is a congenital disorder. There are various types of dystrophies and most of them requires cosmetic contacts for treatment.
6 Oscillopsia A neurological disorder which causes visual defects and instability in vision.

Colored Contacts Healthy Usage

Also, there is another main reason to visit your eye doctor before applying contact lenses is that some people have an allergy to use them which can cause irritation and burning of eyes. The contact lens is made up of a particular polymer material called hydrogel which absorbs water.


Mole Removal (Remedies & Treatments)


Mole Removal

Mole Removal, believing in superstitions remains common in every era of humanity such as a black cat cross your path will bring you bad luck or mole is consider as a symbol of luck mostly at the Eastern part of the globe. In early ages there were many myths and practices about skin mole for example in ancient Chinese face reading mole is related to a particular incident depending on its position, color and size and in most of the European countries it is taken as a bad luck or evil attack on the body but nowadays mole on face and shoulders is becoming beauty mark, and artificial mole is now a part of cosmetics and makeup. The skin mole has many other names used for different regions commonly are the birthmark, beauty marks, freckle. Originally there is an accurate term in medical sciences called “Nevus” in which mole is its one form; it is a Latin word the meaning of which is a birthmark. Such defect is treated by skin doctor or also known as skin specialist or dermatologist, which is a postgraduate medical course. The Nevus at any part of the body is present at birth or appears later. There are various conditions which result in the formation of nevi (plural of Nevus) such as:

S. No. Conditions Description
1 Melanocytes It is a skin lesion due to high pigmentation which darkens the color of skin at one or more than one area. The word is derived from Melanin which is a pigment that gives color to your skin.
2 Neoplasia The term is used for abnormal growth of tissue. There are various types of neoplasia in which malignant neoplasm is referred as cancer. The formation of mass with such abnormal tissue growth has the common term used i.e. “tumor.”
3 Hyperplasia Increase in the number of cells than its normal amount in the body is Hyperplasia. It mainly occurs due to some damage or hormonal dysfunction

After diagnosing the type of mole, there are various techniques and treatments for mole removal such as:

S. No. Kind of treatment Description
1 Surgical Removal Surgical excision of small moles that are not dark with the help of local anesthetics
2 Laser Removal The skin doctor can also remove shallow moves through laser technique but is not recommended as the first line of treatment due to reoccurrence
3 Cryotherapy Removing the nevus by applying nitrogen swab which will freeze them instantly
4 Biopsy and Micrographic Surgery Excision of deep moles or nevi and send them to the lab for diagnosis of cancerous cells is biopsy after which surgeon removes the whole destructive part.
5 Chemotherapy / Radiation Other than micrographic surgery if the cancerous cells also spreads away from mole are then chemotherapy and radiation is treatment of choice
6 Home Remedies Depending on the type of mole for small and shallow moves you can use various home remedies such as:

·         Lemon Juice as it work as an oxidant

·         Using pineapple and honey  for 15-20 minutes help to disappear moles

·         Grapefruit seed extract or gooseberry oil with honey will also help as it contains tyrosinase inhibitors

·         Applying garlic slice can contribute to overcoming the moles as it contains sulfur

·         Use apple vinegar with a cotton bud on the affected area but not more than 20 minutes as it will also cause irritation.



Weight Loss Surgery (All Information)


Weight Loss Surgery

Weight loss surgery or Bariatric surgery is a surgical procedure performed on obese persons for losing weight. There are different types of weight loss surgeries according to the conditions and needs of the various types of individuals. The National Institute of Health (U.S.) recommends weight loss surgeries for people who have a BMI (Body Mass Index)of 40 or greater. Recent studies have shown that weight loss surgery can also be suitable for people having BMI 35 to 40 and for those having BMI 30-35 in the case of associated complications with it.

Types of WL Surgeries:

Below are seven types of weight loss surgeries. Not every surgery is fit for everyone. Some medicines may prove miraculous for someone whereas the same surgery may not be of any use to another person.

S. No. Types of Weight Loss Surgery Description
1 Gastric Sleeve ·         In this procedure, the stomach size is decreased to 15% of the original size. A portion of the stomach along the curvature is surgically removed resulting in a sleeve-like structure of the stomach.

·         It takes 1-2 hours to complete the surgery.

·         It is not a reversible procedure.

2 Gastric Bypass ·         This is a surgical procedure in which the stomach is divided into an upper small pouch and lower large bag called remnant pouch and then small intestine is connected to both the pouches.

·         Mostly it is a laparoscopic procedure which results in quick healing.

·         It is a nonreversible process.

3 Gastric Balloon ·         Gastric Balloon is an inflatable type of device that is inserted into the patient’s stomach and inflated there.It decreases the space inside the stomach and thus leading to weight loss.

·         It is for those people who wish to have weight loss but exercise and diet have failed and they don’t want to undergo surgery.

·         It is a reversible process.

4 Duodenal Switch ·         This is also known as biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS).

·         It is also known as Gastric reduction duodenal switch (GRDS)

·         It is a combination of the gastric sleeve and gastric bypass surgery.

·         It is recommended in severe cases of morbidity.

·         It is a nonreversible procedure.

5 LAP-BAND® ·         It is a silicone band that is placed around the upper part of the stomach to restrict its size.Thus the patient eats less or feels full quickly.

·         It is a laparoscopic surgery.

·         It is a reversible procedure.

6 vBloc Therapy ·         vBloc is a device that is placed under the skin below the rib cage. It controls the feeling of hunger.

·         The device stops a sense of longing for some time of the day by stimulating the vagal nerve thus leading to weight loss.

·         It is a reversible procedure.

7 AspireAssist ·         It is a small tube-like structure that is inserted into a patient’s stomach and empties some of its contents before the calories are absorbed into the body.

·         It is a reversible procedure.


Indications of Weight loss surgery:

  • BMI 40 and more.
  • Cheap BMI along with complications like type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, heart disease, etc.
  • Unsuccessful in losing weight by other methods like diet restriction and exercise.
  • The patient fully understands the risks of the surgery.

Benefits of weight loss surgery:

  • Weight loss.
  • Relief from obesity-related complications like diabetes, high blood pressure.
  • Relief from joint pains.
  • A decrease in depression.
  • Cardiovascular health is improved.
  • Improve fertility.

Risks of WL Surgery

Nausea, Diarrhea, Excessive sweating, Bloating, Dizziness, Bleeding, Infection.


Colonoscopy Preperation (All preparation info)


Colonoscopy Preparation

Colonoscopy Preparation, the colon is the part of GIT (Gastrointestinal Tract) system commonly known as the large intestine. Colon is subdivided into following five types:

S. No. Parts of Colon Description
1 First part A part of large intestine connected with last part of small intestine
2 Ascending Colon Which runs at the upper right side of abdomen
3 Transverse Colon Traveling across the belly is transverse colon
4 Descending colon From across running down towards left side
5 Sigmoid Colon Part of the colon which appears before rectum also known as end of the colon

Colonoscopy is a test procedure in which the inner layer of the large intestine (colon and rectum) is examined with the help of a flexible and thin tube called colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is a quick procedure which completes in approximately 30 minutes if the only observation is required. In the case of polyp removal, the process will take more time. Colonoscopy is used in case of suspected ulcers, polyps, tumors, bleeding or inflammation. The colonoscopy procedure is done by a medical specialist known to be GIT expert who is a post graduate specialization. In order for colonoscopy to take place effectively, it is necessary to clean the colon. For this different types of preparations are present. It is imperative to prepare the colon for colonoscopy otherwise it will be difficult to perform the procedure, take a longer time to complete, and the results will not be accurate. In this case, the procedure will have to be performed again.

Medication before Colonoscopy:

The doctor should take a proper history of the patient inquiring if he/she is currently on any medications, have taken any antibiotics before treatment, is suffering from any allergies or significant disease, etc. Special instructions should be given in case the patient is on warfarin, aspirin, arthritis medication, insulin, etc. Take Moviprep, one day before and on the day of colonoscopy for the preparation of bowel.

Food and Drink before Colonoscopy:

Care must be taken regarding eating and drinking before the colonoscopy. Avoid milk, meat, cereals, bread, rice, vegetables and fruit few days before the colonoscopy. You can take Clear broth, honey, and popsicles. Avoid milk, milkshakes, coffee with milk, orange juice, alcohol, etc. You can make water, black coffee, tea without milk, apple juice, etc.

Preparation complete:

The bowel preparation is complete when the stool begins looking like urine, yellow clear liquid.

One day before Colonoscopy


             Food Drink
Morning ·         Take liquid diet

·         Clear in color

·         Avoid solid food

Take at least four glasses of clear liquid.
Evening ·         Take liquid diet

·         Clear in color

·         Avoid solid food

·         Bowel Preparation with Moviprep.

Take at least four glasses of clear liquid.
Night ·         Take liquid diet

·         Clear in color

·         Avoid solid food


Take at least four glasses of clear liquid.
On the day of Colonoscopy


             Food Drink
Morning ·         Take liquid diet

·         Clear in color

·         Avoid solid food

·         Bowel Preparation with Moviprep.

Take at least four glasses of clear liquid.
Evening ·         COLONOSCOPY

·         Regular food


Take at least four glasses of clear liquid.
Night ·         Regular food


Colonoscopy Preparation




Tummy Tuck Surgery


Tummy Tuck

Tummy Tuck or Abdominoplasty is an aesthetic surgical procedure used for making the abdomen thin and firm. Often after pregnancy or extreme weight loss, the body is left with loose floppy muscles of the abdomen especially the middle and lower abdomen. If the person is in good health and is unable to tone the abdominal muscles by diet and exercise, then doctors recommend abdominoplasty which is more commonly known as tummy tuck.A tummy tuck is not an alternative to weight loss, in fact, it is not even recommended in overweight or obese patients. For a tummy tuck, it is important that a person is in good health and is in the healthy range of weight and height of the body.

Tummy Tuck favorable for:

Tummy Tuck is helpful for the following people,

  • Those who are in good health.
  • Those who have weight according to their height.
  • Those who have realistic expectations from the surgery.
  • Those who have a sagging skin around the abdomen.
  • Those who have extra weight in the midsection of the stomach.
  • Those who show commitment to maintaining the weight afterward with health diet and exercise.

Tummy Tuck is not favorable for:

  • Those who have unrealistic expectations from the procedure.
  • Those who are addicted to smoking.
  • Those who are obese and are considering it a weight loss option.
  • Those who plan to become pregnant.
  • Those who are not healthy and their medical condition may be compromised by the surgical procedure.
  • Those who are undergoing the treatment because of someone and personally they are not interested in or comfortable with the surgical treatment.

Types of Tummy Tuck:

S. No. Types of Tummy Tuck Description
1 Complete Abdominoplasty

(Full Tummy Tuck)

In this procedure, the abdomen will be cut from one side to another above the hipbone, and then the tissues and muscles are cut according to the need. Repositioning of the umbilicus will be required. The procedure takes about 1-5 hours.
2 Partial Abdominoplasty

(Mini Tuck)

Mini Tuck is for people who have a fat deposit below the umbilicus. This system does not require umbilicus repositioning and is completed within 1-2 hours.
3 Extended Abdominoplasty This is full abdominoplasty with a lateral thigh lift. In this procedure not only the abdomen is contoured but also the waist and lateral side of legs are also contoured.
4 High Lateral Tension Tummy Tuck This is an advanced procedure which takes more than four and half hours. This tightens the muscles vertically as well as horizontally.Whereas, in tired techniques muscles were only compressed vertically.
5 Floating Abdominoplasty or

FAB Technique

This technique is also known as extended mini abdominoplasty. This procedure is done through a small incision and during the proceedings, the umbilicus is detached temporarily.Excess skin is removed, muscles tightened and belly button re-attached.
6 Circumferential Abdominoplasty It is an extended abdominoplasty with a buttock lift.This procedure is also known as belt lipectomy or lower body lift.
7 Combination procedure Abdominoplasty combined with Liposuction also known as Lipotuck is done to do body contouring. Along with the abdomen; the thighs, hips, and buttocks are also reshaped in this procedure.



  • Full recovery requires 3-6 months.
  • Initial 1-4 weeks, bed rest is advised.
  • The patient is advised to stay away from nicotine at least for a month.
  • A compression garment is given to the patient which helps in supporting the tissues and helps the treated area to reform into the new shape.


Although the tummy tuck is a safe procedure still complications may arise, and the patient must be informed of all the possible complications beforehand. Following post op is important. Instructions carefully to avoid any complications.

The possible risks of this surgery are,

  • Poor wound healing
  • Asymmetry
  • Bleeding
  • Numbness
  • Anesthesia complications
  • Persistent pain
  • Persistent swelling
  • Hematoma
  • Keloid
  • Suture rupture
  • Fat necrosis
  • Death