Orthopedic Surgeon Latest Informations

Orthopedic Surgeon

The musculoskeletal system (bone and muscles) of human body plays the most important role in physical activities and stable body structure. Whenever something happens to this system and first medication fails to treat then we have a specialist surgeon known as an ‘Orthopedic Surgeon”. Like all other medical terms, Ortho is also a Greek word which means correct, straight or upright. There are many complications and conditions either surgical or non-surgical in which orthopedic surgeon play their important role, mainly are as follows:

  • Sports Injuries such as straightforward and compound fractures or tendon and muscle tear
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Severe infections related to bones, muscles, ligament and tendon
  • Spine disorders
  • Congenital Anomalies
  • Musculoskeletal cancer or tumors
  • Joint Dislocation
  • Straightforward and compound fractures
  • Muscle rupture or tendon or ligament tear
  • Cerebral Palsy

Such many procedures cannot be done by specializing in only general orthopedic surgery after graduation in medical sciences but by further choosing the particular orthopedic courses such as:

Foot and Ankle Surgery,

S. No. Specialty Course Description
1 General Orthopedic Surgery A general surgery related to diagnosis and treatment of superficial and deep traumas, straightforward and compound fractures
2 Arthroscopic Surgery Surgical diagnostics or sometimes treatments of joint involving minimum trauma
3 Hand Surgery As the name indicates, a kind of surgery related to hands involving its muscles, nerves, ligaments, tendons and skeletal structure
4 That sort of surgery really relates to sports injuries including fractures, sprains, and inflammation
5 Joint Replacement Surgical treatment of replacing damaged joints (hip, knee, shoulder, TMJ) with artificial ones
6 Pediatric The surgery done on neonates and infants regarding their congenital anomalies such as extra figure or cranial surgeries
7 Musculoskeletal Oncology A surgery related to diagnosis and treatment of benign as well as malignant tumors in adult as well as in children
8 Spine related treatments Surgery, treatment, and diagnosis related to our spine such as sciatica, herniated discs, compressions or stenosis etc.
9 Replacement and reconstructive surgery The type of surgeries related to bones which are crushed or unable to calcify or heal, like demur replacement surgery, elbow reconstruction etc.
10 SEM (Sports and Exercise Medicine) A study related to the sports fitness and preventing from getting injured
11 Shoulder and Elbow Study related to treatment and diagnosis of shoulder joint, muscles and elbow area of the body including related nerves, ligaments, and tendons such as frozen shoulder, shoulder joint disorder, fractures etc.


Here are some meaningful terms used in these surgeries

S. No. Term Meaning
1 Minescectomy Removal of cartilage or joint
2 Chondroplasty Surgery of cartilage-like knee or thyroid
3 Laminectomy / Laminotomy Spinal surgery for removal of complete lamina/removal of partial lamina
4 Debridement Surgical removal of dead or infected tissues
5 Arthroplasty Remodeling and replacement of joints
6 Rheumasurgery Surgery  for treatment of rheumatic fever
7 Arthritis Disorder of joints due to breakdown of joint cartilage


Orthopedic Surgery is a vast subject which covers the major part of our body and is find in every practice either it is family medicine, sports medicine or general practice.