Lice Eggs Details & Information
Male human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis. Technical settings : - focus stack of 57 images - microscope objective (Nikon achromatic 10x 160/0.25) directly on the body (with adapter ~30 mm)

Lice Eggs Details & Information

Lice Eggs

The term LICE give us goose bumps weather we are talking about the history of district “LICE” of Diyarbakir province, Turkey or the insect “LICE” in our head. Well, we will be further talking about the second one the insect. The world lice are the plural of Louse which is a parasitic insect with no wings and is mainly infested warm blood living beings. The field related to the learning of these type of insects is called parasitology which is a branch of medical sciences which concern with the study of parasites. Parasites are those organisms which live and sustain on other organisms. Similarly, House supports by sucking the blood of their host. Lice Eggs

There are three stages of a house which are:

  1. Lice Eggs
  2. Nymph
  3. Adult louse

These eggs are also known to be nuts which are usually laid at the shaft of hair just nearby the scalp as it is the warmer part. These nits are difficult to identify through your eyes as they are minuscule in size, oval in shape and have variation in colors from grayish white to dark brown. There are mainly three types of these parasites found in three different areas of the human body:

  1. Head
  2. Body
  3. Pubic Area

With the area separate the form and shape of nits are also distinct from each other however the most common type of nits or louse is the head louse or head nits. The adult female louse is known to lay about 300 nits or eggs at a time, and these nits take 8-10 days for hatching into lice having a life of further 30 days approximately. Most often these nits are difficult to differentiate from dandruff but here are some properties that may help in differentiating within these two:

1 Nits are eggs of parasitic organism came from louse which is caused mainly by contact with infected person Caused by either dry skin, allergies to products or some skin infections such as eczema, dermatitis, etc.
2 These cannot be removed easily from the hair Can quickly fell out from your hair and scalp
3 They are usually present at shaft of hair near to scalp It can be present at any area of hair and scalp
4 While brushing or combing, your hair nits remain intact with the hair Dandruff fall out from hair every time you brush or comb your hair
5 Nits have a particular size oval shape It has no particular shape or size

With all mentioned differences there is one thing which is common in both, and that is itching in the scalp. There are various methods to treat nits but none will give 100% results, out of those most common methods used are:

  • Special nit combs (consist of fine bristles)
  • Ethyl Alcohol
  • Removal of all hair
  • Hot water treatment
  • Chemical oils and lotions
  • Herbal products
  • Crotamiton (Allopathic cream )
  • Washing clothes and towel in hot water
  • Disposal of affected garments, bed sheets, combs and towels

Common terminologies used regarding nits, lice eggs 

S. No. Terminology Description
1  Phthiraptera Order or group of species from which louse belongs
2 Pediculosis Infestation of lice in human body
3 Typhus Fever Fever, rashes and itching due to lice and nits
4 Infestation Attack of one organism on other to make it host
5 Nymph Immature louse



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