These are the specialists who primarily treat and diagnose GI diseases in both genders, men, and women. Gastroenterology is a branch of medicine that deals with the health of the GI tract in the digestive system. Gastroenterologists can treat anything starting from irritable bowel syndrome or hepatitis b or c. They also perform endoscopy procedures. Endoscopy is a procedure in which specialized instruments are used to see the GI tract and develop a diagnosis. They cannot perform surgery. In few cases, they can function with a GI surgeon. They can work both in a clinic and hospital setups.
The GI system functions includes
- Digestion of the food
- Transports nutrients
- Eliminates entire waste from the body
Gastroenterologists can treat any part of this scheme.
Parts of the GI system
- Large intestine
- Small intestine
- Salivary glands
Proctologists also deal with disorders of the anus and rectum.
Gastroenterology is a technical area of medicine that deals with the GI tract. Some gastroenterologists treat general disorders of the GIT. Others deal with a particular area of gastroenterology.
Some probable areas of importance are:
- hepatology, this focuses on the treatment and diagnosis of disorders of the gallbladder, liver, pancreas or pancreatic disease and biliary tree
- inflammatory bowel disease, this is chronic inflammation of theGI TRACT
- reflux esophagitis, which occurs commonly because of the gastroesophageal reflux disease
- endoscopy surveillance
Training & Education Requirements
For learning specialization in Gastroenterology, one must get a four-year degree from college. Then it is mandatory to finish four years of medical college. Following graduating from medical college, it is needed to complete a three-year training course, known as residency, in the field of internal medicine. During this period, you can do the job with experienced gastroenterologists and gain mentorship professionally. After completion of the residency, it is important to finish a 2 to 3 years fellowship to Gai further technical training in the field. This involves endoscopy training, which is a nonsurgical technique which doctor uses to see the GI tract. After your have finished your complete training, you have to pass an exam of specialty certification. After successfully completing the exam, American Board of Internal Medicine gives you certification
The conditions Gastroenterologists Deals
These specialists are responsible for treating a broad range of disorders which affects the GI tract. This includes the following:
- acid reflux
- Growths, or polyps, which typically presents in the large intestine
- hepatitis C
- jaundice, which is the yellowish color of the skin
- bloody stool
- Colon Cancer
- pancreatitis, it is a rare disease which causes inflammation of the pancreas
These specialists can do a full range of systems, not surgeon surgical. This includes the following:
- colonoscopies are done to observe colon cancer or polyps in the colon
- endoscopic ultrasounds are done to keep the lower and upper GI tract and also various internal organs
- sigmoidoscopies are performed to assess blood loss or bowel pain
- endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography are did evaluate gallstones, scar tissue present in the area of the bile duct, or tumors
- capsule endoscopies are done to observe the small intestine
- liver biopsies are done to evaluate fibrosis and inflammation
- Double balloon enteroscopy share did see the small intestine.
Primary care physician may refer you to this specialist doctor if you have these symptoms:
- bloody stool
- difficulty in swallowing
- abdominal pain