Ear, Nose and Throat Doctor Details

Ear Nose and Throat Doctor

Ear, Nose and Throat Doctor

The doctor who treats the diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat doctor is known as Otorhinolaryngologist and the study is known as Otorhinolaryngology. Commonly these doctors are referred to as ENT doctors or ENT specialists. They mainly focus on treatment of diseases of the ear, nose, throat, base of skull ,larynx etc.

Education Required for Ear, Nose and Throat Doctor

After completing Medical School, a residency of 5 years is required to become an otorhinolaryngologist. Out of these five years, 6 months are given to general surgery and the remaining four and half years are focused on ear, nose, throat surgery. After completing the residency, some otorhinolaryngologist completes a year or two years long advanced sub-specialty fellowship.

S.No. Title Education/Degree Time for training
1. Doctor/General Physician MBBS/MD


5 Years



2. Otorhinolaryngologist/

ENT Specialist

ENT  Surgical Residency 5 Years



3. ENT Consultant Advanced sub-speciality Fellowship 2 Years




Sub Specialties of ENT:

There are many sub-specialities of ENT which an Otorhinolaryngologist can join.For this 2 more years are required after the ENT surgical residency.

The sub-specialities are described below.

S.No. Sub- Speciality Description
1. Head and Neck Oncologic Surgery


It deals with the surgical treatment of tumors, benign or malignant in the head and neck region.
2. Otology  

It deals with diagnosis and treatment (medicinal or surgical) of diseases of the ear.


3. Neurotology  

It deals with diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders of the ear.



Rhinology and Sinus Surgery


It deals with diagnosis and treatment (medicinal or surgical) of a nose and the sinuses.

Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology


It deals with diagnosis and treatment of diseases in children related to ear, nose, throat.

Laryngology and Voice Disorders


It deals with management and treatment of diseases of throat and voice disorders

Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery


It deals with surgery of face and neck either functional or for enhanced esthetics.
8. Sleep Medicine  

It deals with the treatment of sleep disorders.


9. Allergy  

It deals with the treatment of allergies that are affecting the upper respiratory tract.




The different instruments used in ENT and their functions are as follows,

S.No. Name of Instrument Functions
1 Head Mirror  

Reflected light is produced by head mirror which  aids in the examination of cavities of the ear, nose, throat.


2 Lack’s spatula  

Tongue depressor for examination of the oral cavity.


3 Tooth forcep  

To hold skin.


4 Tonsillar disector  

Used for dissection and retraction.


5 Laryngoscope  

Used for examination of larynx.


6 Oesophagoscope  

Used in diagnosis or treatment during oesophagoscopy.


7 Electrical Otoscope  

For examination of tympanic membranes in case of perforation of honeycombing.


8 Negus Knot Tyer  

Helps in tying of ligature knot.


9 Denis brown’s – Tonsil holding forceps  To hold tonsils during tonsillectomy.
10 Frer’s Septal Knife  

Used for incision of the mucosa over deviated septum.


11 Myringotome  

Used for incision of the tympanic membrane.


12 Luc’s Forceps  

· For nasal polypectomy.

· For taking biopsies from the oropharynx and         oral  cavity.

· Substitute for tonsil holding forceps.


13 Posterior rhinoscopy mirror  To see

· Eustachian tube opening and adenoids.

· Posterior nasal apertures.

· Posterior free part of the nasal septum.

14 Crocodile Forceps  

Used in taking biopsies.


15 Eve’s Tonsillar snare  

Used to crush and cut the lower pedicle of the tonsil.


16 Indirect Laryngoscope  

Used to see the base of the tongue.


17 Killian’s long bladed nasal speculum  Used in septoplasty.
18 Doyen’s mouth gag  

For keeping the mouth open during intraoral surgery.


19 Jobson’s aural probe  

Used for cleaning ear canal.


20 Mastoid retractor  

Used in Mastoidectomy.


21 Mallet  · To open mastoid antrum.

· To remove chips of bone.

22 Tilley’s harpoon  

Used in Intra-nasal antrostomy.


23 Thudicam’s nasal speculum  To see the nasal cavity.
24 Towel clip  

To fix towel, suction tube etc.





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