Bunion Surgery Symptoms and Treatment
Bunion Surgery is the solution of enlargement of bone in the toe. The Bunion is a physical deformity of the joint of a big toe of a foot. It is also known as “Hallux Valgus” (It is a Latin phrase which means foot deformity. In which Big toe (Hallux) moves and bends toward the second toe of the foot, that causes a bump on the outside edge of the big toe, and the joint becomes red and painful.
The bunion is the enlargement of the bone or tissue around the joint of the base of the big toe, which is also known as “bunionette” or “Tailor’s Bunion.” A bunion is more common in women than men. Some specialist says that it is caused because of the tight shoes or tight footwear, which are too narrow or short from the toe area, which leads to bending the big toe towards the other toe. It may be thought of as a pressure-response effect.
Symptoms and Treatment
A big toe is made up of two joints, the large one is known as Metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP), where the first bone of the foot (Metatarsal) meets the first bone of the toe (phalanx).
Bunion forms when the MTP joint moves out from its order or alignment, the metatarsal moves inside the foot, and the phalanx bone bent towards the second toe of the foot, which causes MTP larger and protrusion to occur from inside the foot.
The symptoms of the bunion disease are:
- Irritated skin around the bunion
- Pain when walking
- Joint redness and pain
- Protrusion and inflammation
- The blister may form more easily around the big toe.
- Hardness skin on the bottom of the foot
- A callus or corn on the bump
- Restricted motion in big toe and pain in walking.
There are two treatments in the Bunion surgery. One is Non-surgical treatment, and another one is surgical treatment. The surgical procedure, which is recommended by the surgeon if the patient on the worse condition and it is unable to treat by non-surgical treatment.
In the non-surgical treatment is usually conservative and focuses to relief the bunion symptoms by the following treatments of non-surgical bunion treatment:
- Change the footwear which is narrow from the toe area.
- Protective bunion shields (padding) which help cushion the painful area to get relief.
- To prevent pressure, the doctor will recommend orthotics shoes like devices. Apply Icing to get relief several times for a day for 15-20 minutes.
- The doctor will recommend medicines for anti-inflammation or anti-painful tablets.
If the patient is unable to get relief by non-surgical treatment, the surgeon will recommend for surgical treatment.
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Bunion surgery follows this process:
- The patient will be asked to wear a patient’s gown.
- The surgeon will inject medicine to numb the bunion area.
- In local anesthesia, the surgeon will inject intravenous (IV), by which the patient will get sleep.
- The skin over the bunion will be clean by an antiseptic solution.
- The surgeon will make an incision along the inside of the big toe joint or on the top of the joint.
- In some cases, more than one incision required for the bunion surgery.
- For mild Bunion, the surgeon will perform a bunionectomy, in which shaving off the excess bone on the outside of the first metatarsal bone and realigning the tendon, muscles, and ligament of your big toe.
- For moderate Bunion, the surgeon will cut the excess bone on the outside of the metatarsal head to align the bone into the proper position. The bone will be held in the place with screws or pins while you heal.
- For severe Bunion, Surgeon will cut the excess bone outside of the metatarsal head and a wedge-shaped piece of bone at the base of the first metatarsal. Then the surgeon will align it in its position with screws or pins and realign the muscle, tendon, and ligament.
- After that, the surgeon will close the opening with stitches and apply a sterile bandage.
Though with any surgery, there may be complications produce after the surgery.
The possible complications or risks of bunion surgery are:
- Infection on the bunion treated area
- Nerve injury
- Unable to relief pain
- Failure of the bone to heal completely
- Stiffness on the big toe joint
- Reoccurrence of the bunion
- Redness, inflammation produce
- Bleeding or swelling
- Pain while walking