Breast Cancer Awareness Month
Breast Cancer Awareness Month, every year the month of October is designated specifically to highlight the different aspects of breast cancer and thus is named “Breast Cancer Awareness Month.” During this month different breast cancer supporting organizations carry out various activities to raise awareness on the etiology, prevention, and treatment of breast cancer. These campaigns not only helped in raising awareness about breast cancer in society but also assisted in the acceptance of the disease and to raise funds for its research and treatment.
|1||Symbol of Breast Cancer Awareness||Pink Ribbon|
|2||Origin of Breast Cancer Awareness Month||In 1985 by
· American Cancer Society and
· AstraZeneca (Pharmaceutical Company)
|3||Pinktober|| This term is used for October because there is an increase in the manufacturing of goods that are pink in color.
|4||Pink day|| “Pink day” is a day arranged by most private companies when all the employees wear pink clothes showing solidarity and support with the cancer patients.
|5||Global Pink Hijab Day||26th October, demonstrate inclusion of Muslim women in the campaign and also showing support for Muslim women who have cancer.|
|6||Male Breast Cancer Awareness Week||The third week of October raising awareness and showing support for male breast cancer.|
|7||She-ro||Just like Hero, Shero is term introduced to demonstrate the strength of a woman fighting cancer.|
What is Breast Cancer Awareness Month?
Breast cancer refers to the situation in which the breast cells start proliferating at an open rate. It often starts from the inner epithelium of the milk ducts known as ductal carcinoma and may also start from lobules called the lobular carcinoma. If the cells proliferate and metastasize to other organs, it becomes malignant. Breast cancer can form in mammary glands of both female and male. Its successful treatment is possible if diagnosed earlier.
|1||Signs & Symptoms of breast cancer|| · Lump/lumps in breast
· Lump in armpits
· Pitting on breast skin resembling orange peel
· Redness on Breast skin
· Redness on or around the nipple
· Bloody discharge from nipple
· Breast shape or size might change
· Flaky nipple or breast skin
|2||Etiology|| Doctors are not sure of the exact etiology of breast cancer, but the risk factors that have effect are below,
· Old age: Increasing age is a risk factor.
80% of breast cancers were present in females having menopause meaning women who were above the age of 50 years.
· Recurrence: The chances of recurrence of disease is more as compared to people with no history of breast cancer.
The Greater number of breast cancers are not hereditary.
BRCA1, BRCA2, and TP53 are genes that increase the risk of breast cancer.
· Increased Exposure to Estrogen: Early onset of menstruation and late menopause causes increased exposure to estrogen as compared to other women thus causing a rise in the chances of breast cancer.
· Obesity: Obesity increases the chance of breast cancer.
· Alcohol: Consuming a large amount of alcohol is linked to breast cancer so its use must be limited.
|3||Diagnostic Tests|| · Self-examination
· Clinical examination
|4||Treatment Options|| · Radiotherapy
· Hormone therapy
· Biological therapy
|5||Prevention|| · Decrease Alcohol Consumption
· Healthy weight
· Stay Physically Active
· Breastfeed your baby
· Maintain a healthy diet
Breast Cancer Awareness Month
|1||255,180 new cases of metastatic breast cancer are expected in 2017
|2||63,410 new cases of carcinoma in situ breast cancer are expected in 2017
|3||40,610 deaths of women from breast cancer are expected in 2017
|4||Occurrence of breast cancer in women under the age of 40 is less than 5%
|5||2,030 new cases of breast cancer in men is expected in 2017
|6||450 deaths of breast cancer in men is planned for 2017
|7||Every year 124 women in every 100,000 are found to be suffering from breast cancer
|8||Breast cancer occurs in 1 out of every 3000 pregnancies
Breast Cancer Awareness Month Various forms of media have also played a vital role in this campaign.